Leader initiating structure: A reconciliation of discrepant research results and some empirical tests

Chester A. Schriesheim, Robert J. House, Steven Kerr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper (1) theoretically examines the various definitions and operationalizations of leader Initiating Structure and finds important differences in the extent to which the various measures are concerned with autocratic, punitive, arbitrary, and production-oriented leader behaviors; (2) resolves some apparent inconsistencies in the research literature through a categorization of results and conclusions according to the measuring instrument used; (3) empirically demonstrates that respondents perceive the different measures of Structure in different ways; (4) tests four hypotheses concerning leader behavior (as measured in different ways) and subordinate role clarity and satisfaction; and (5) briefly considers additional problems attendant to conceptualizing and measuring Structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-321
Number of pages25
JournalOrganizational Behavior and Human Performance
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1976
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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