Latent profile analysis of healthy schizotypy within the extended psychosis phenotype

Naomi Tuchman Tabak, Amy Gina Weisman de Mamani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Converging evidence suggests that psychosis exists on a continuum, and that even mentally "healthy" individuals may experience subclinical psychotic experiences. However, little research has examined the subjective and psychological well-being of individuals in the putatively healthy end of the continuum. This study explored the latent profile structure of schizotypy in a non-clinical sample and compared subjective and psychological well-being across schizotypy profiles. Latent profile analysis was conducted on participants' responses (N=420) to the Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences. Six latent profiles emerged: Low Schizotypy, Average, High Schizotypy, High Unusual Experiences (UE), High Introvertive Anhedonia, and High Introvertive Anhedonia/Cognitive Disorganization. Individuals in the profile characterized by high UE without negative, disorganized or impulsive features tended to endorse similar levels of well-being as the Average and Low Schizotypy profiles. With some exceptions, all three profiles also demonstrated significantly greater subjective and psychological well-being when compared to negative/disorganized schizotypy profiles. The UE profile most closely aligns with previous conceptualizations of "healthy schizotypy." Future research should investigate how individuals in this profile make sense of unusual or ambiguous experiences that may lead to distress in clinical populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1008-1013
Number of pages6
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume210
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 30 2013

Keywords

  • Positive schizotypy
  • Psychological well-being
  • Subclinical psychosis
  • Subjective well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Latent profile analysis of healthy schizotypy within the extended psychosis phenotype'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this