Four cases of human keratitis caused by the tropical fungus Lasiodiplodia theobromae have been encountered in Miami, Florida bringing to 8 the number of cases reported in the world literature. Two of the ulcers were mild. Three patients recovered without severe impairment of vision after topical polyene treatment, but 1 patient with a severe ulcer required therapeutic keratoplasty after 11 days of topical natamycin. Histopathology revealed fungus deep in the cornea, invading Descemet's membrane. L. theobromae appeared to have collagenase activity in vitro. Inoculation of L. theobromae into the corneas of rabbits produced progressive ulcers. The fungus was endemic in Miami on home grown and imported bananas. Polyene antimycotic antibiotics were fungicidal for L. theobromae in vitro. Thiabendazole was effectively fungistatic but varied in fungicidal effect. Clotrimazole and miconazole were only incompletely fungistatic. Of 7 strains of L. theobromae tested, 4 were relatively resistant to 5 fluorocytosine.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases