Laser treatment for retinopathy of prematurity

Samuel K. Houston, Charles C. Wykoff, Audina M. Berrocal, Ditte J. Hess, Timothy G. Murray

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Retinal development involves a complex coordination of events that may be affected by premature delivery, leading to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a potential blinding childhood disease. The avascular retina drives further disease progression, with laser ablation reducing unfavorable anatomic outcomes as well as maintaining visual acuity. Trials have stressed the importance of early identification and treatment of threshold and high-risk prethreshold disease to improve outcomes. Retinal ablation with laser photocoagulation should involve entire treatment of avascular retina with a confluent laser spot density, avoiding skip lesions. The current review highlights the use of laser photocoagulation in the treatment of ROP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)683-692
Number of pages10
JournalLasers in medical science
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2013

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Hypoxia
  • Laser photocoagulation
  • Retina
  • Retinopathy of prematurity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Dermatology

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  • Cite this

    Houston, S. K., Wykoff, C. C., Berrocal, A. M., Hess, D. J., & Murray, T. G. (2013). Laser treatment for retinopathy of prematurity. Lasers in medical science, 28(2), 683-692. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-011-1021-z