The authors report the correlation between chest physiotherapy and increased risk of vitreous hemorrhage after laser photocoagulation therapy in patients with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Two premature neonates, the first born at 26 weeks and the second at 31 weeks gestational age, both underwent chest physiotherapy, the first for congenital cystic fibrosis and bronchopulmonary dysplasia and the second for premature alveolar atelectasis. Both were diagnosed as having ROP that necessitated laser photocoagulation treatment at 34 and 37 weeks, respectively. The first patient developed bilateral vitreous hemorrhage and bilateral cataracts. The second patient developed vitreous hemorrhage in one eye. Chest physiotherapy in neonates with ROP significantly increases the risk of hemorrhage after laser photocoagulation in an otherwise fragile retinal vasculature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health