Laryngeal tuberculosis is usually a complication of pulmonary tuberculosis and the clinical patterns have changed in recent decades. To evaluate the changing patterns, we reviewed 15 patients seen at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary over a 20-year period and diagnosed as having laryngeal tuberculosis. The results showed a mean age of 56 years; a male predominance by a 2:1 ratio; minimal pulmonary lesions on radiographic studies in nine patients and one normal radiograph; clinical simulation by the tuberculous lesion of laryngeal cancer; excellent response to antituberculosis therapy; and low infectivity. Laryngeal lesions and concurrent pulmonary lesions should alert the otolaryngologist to consider systemic disease processes and the most frequent granulomatous lesion of the larynx, tuberculosis.
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