Laparotomy to laparoscopy: Changing trends in the surgical management of ectopic pregnancy in a tertiary care teaching hospital

Peter Takacs, Nahida Chakhtoura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study objective: To review the changing trends in the surgical management of ectopic pregnancy and to evaluate the effect of an ongoing training program for resident surgeons on the rate and success of laparoscopic surgery. Design: Retrospective chart review (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). Setting: University tertiary medical center. Patients: One thousand forty-six patients with ectopic pregnancy treated at Jackson Memorial Hospital from January 1, 1995, through December 31, 2004. Intervention: A formal, ongoing laparoscopic training program was established in 1999. Measurements: The rate of laparoscopy, laparotomy, and conversion for each year was compared with the baseline year of 1995 and between the years before and after the establishment of the training program. Results: Four hundred sixty-eight laparotomies and 578 laparoscopies were successfully completed. The laparoscopic approach rate has increased from 40.9% in 1995 to 86.3% in 2004. By year 2000 and thereafter, significantly more ectopic surgeries were approached through the laparoscope compared with in 1995 (p<.01). By 2000 and thereafter, significantly less conversions occurred compared with the baseline year of 1995 (4.0% vs 18.5%; p = .01). Conclusion: Laparoscopy became the primary approach for the management of ectopic pregnancy in part because of resident participation in an ongoing laparoscopy training program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-177
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2006

Keywords

  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Laparoscopy
  • Laparotomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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