Laparoscopic Technique in the Management of High Anorectal Malformations: A Propensity Score-Matched Outcome Study Using a Large Inpatient Database

Jun Tashiro, Juan E. Sola, Chad M. Thorson, Samir Pandya, Eduardo A. Perez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) has been the standard for management of children with high anorectal malformations (ARMs). Recently, there has been an increase in the use of laparoscopy in its management. We analyzed the outcomes of laparoscopically assisted anorectal pull-through (LAARP) compared to PSARP using a large inpatient database. Methods: Kids' Inpatient Database was analyzed for ARM (ICD-9-CM 751.2) between 1997 and 2012. Perineal fistulas and low/intermediate ARM were excluded. Propensity score (PS)-matched analyses were performed using 37 variables. Cases were weighted to provide national estimates. Results: Of the overall 29,106 cases, 7428 patients <2 years underwent surgical repair. LAARP was performed in 178 patients. Eighty-eight percent were male. Most were of Caucasian (n = 71; 45%), followed by Hispanic (n = 41; 26%) descent. Most were performed in 2009 and 2012 (n = 149; 83%). Most were covered by Medicaid (88; 49%), followed by private insurance (80; 45%). Median length of stay (LOS) was 4 (interquartile range = 3) days. The majority were performed in a children's hospital (n = 90; 88%). On PS-matched analysis, LAARP had shorter median LOS (4 [3]) compared to PSARP (6 [15]) days, P = .003. Rates of reoperation, wound infection, wound dehiscence, and mortality were unchanged between approaches. Cost was lower for LAARP (47,969 [49,450]) versus PSARP (56,110 [160,314]) U.S. dollar , P = .002, whereas total charges did not differ significantly. Conclusions: A minimal access approach to a complex procedure requires significant time and resources to be adopted as standard. PSARP is an important example, as increased availability of laparoscopy, and therefore, access to the procedure for patients will greatly affect resource utilization and recovery for the patient. As demonstrated, the LOS and cost is significantly lower for the LAARP procedure in comparison to the traditional approach. Future research will clarify boundaries to introducing the laparoscopic approach as a potential standard technique in the next decade.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-91
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

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Propensity Score
Inpatients
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Databases
Length of Stay
Laparoscopy
Costs and Cost Analysis
Medicaid
International Classification of Diseases
Wound Infection
Insurance
Reoperation
Hispanic Americans
Fistula
Mortality
Anorectal Malformations
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • anorectal malformations
  • anus
  • imperforate
  • outcome measures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

@article{b5d07951ba4b4906a4e3a53e16dfd0b2,
title = "Laparoscopic Technique in the Management of High Anorectal Malformations: A Propensity Score-Matched Outcome Study Using a Large Inpatient Database",
abstract = "Background: Posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) has been the standard for management of children with high anorectal malformations (ARMs). Recently, there has been an increase in the use of laparoscopy in its management. We analyzed the outcomes of laparoscopically assisted anorectal pull-through (LAARP) compared to PSARP using a large inpatient database. Methods: Kids' Inpatient Database was analyzed for ARM (ICD-9-CM 751.2) between 1997 and 2012. Perineal fistulas and low/intermediate ARM were excluded. Propensity score (PS)-matched analyses were performed using 37 variables. Cases were weighted to provide national estimates. Results: Of the overall 29,106 cases, 7428 patients <2 years underwent surgical repair. LAARP was performed in 178 patients. Eighty-eight percent were male. Most were of Caucasian (n = 71; 45{\%}), followed by Hispanic (n = 41; 26{\%}) descent. Most were performed in 2009 and 2012 (n = 149; 83{\%}). Most were covered by Medicaid (88; 49{\%}), followed by private insurance (80; 45{\%}). Median length of stay (LOS) was 4 (interquartile range = 3) days. The majority were performed in a children's hospital (n = 90; 88{\%}). On PS-matched analysis, LAARP had shorter median LOS (4 [3]) compared to PSARP (6 [15]) days, P = .003. Rates of reoperation, wound infection, wound dehiscence, and mortality were unchanged between approaches. Cost was lower for LAARP (47,969 [49,450]) versus PSARP (56,110 [160,314]) U.S. dollar , P = .002, whereas total charges did not differ significantly. Conclusions: A minimal access approach to a complex procedure requires significant time and resources to be adopted as standard. PSARP is an important example, as increased availability of laparoscopy, and therefore, access to the procedure for patients will greatly affect resource utilization and recovery for the patient. As demonstrated, the LOS and cost is significantly lower for the LAARP procedure in comparison to the traditional approach. Future research will clarify boundaries to introducing the laparoscopic approach as a potential standard technique in the next decade.",
keywords = "anorectal malformations, anus, imperforate, outcome measures",
author = "Jun Tashiro and Sola, {Juan E.} and Thorson, {Chad M.} and Samir Pandya and Perez, {Eduardo A.}",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1089/lap.2019.0248",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "30",
pages = "87--91",
journal = "Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques",
issn = "1092-6429",
publisher = "Mary Ann Liebert Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Laparoscopic Technique in the Management of High Anorectal Malformations

T2 - A Propensity Score-Matched Outcome Study Using a Large Inpatient Database

AU - Tashiro, Jun

AU - Sola, Juan E.

AU - Thorson, Chad M.

AU - Pandya, Samir

AU - Perez, Eduardo A.

PY - 2020/1

Y1 - 2020/1

N2 - Background: Posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) has been the standard for management of children with high anorectal malformations (ARMs). Recently, there has been an increase in the use of laparoscopy in its management. We analyzed the outcomes of laparoscopically assisted anorectal pull-through (LAARP) compared to PSARP using a large inpatient database. Methods: Kids' Inpatient Database was analyzed for ARM (ICD-9-CM 751.2) between 1997 and 2012. Perineal fistulas and low/intermediate ARM were excluded. Propensity score (PS)-matched analyses were performed using 37 variables. Cases were weighted to provide national estimates. Results: Of the overall 29,106 cases, 7428 patients <2 years underwent surgical repair. LAARP was performed in 178 patients. Eighty-eight percent were male. Most were of Caucasian (n = 71; 45%), followed by Hispanic (n = 41; 26%) descent. Most were performed in 2009 and 2012 (n = 149; 83%). Most were covered by Medicaid (88; 49%), followed by private insurance (80; 45%). Median length of stay (LOS) was 4 (interquartile range = 3) days. The majority were performed in a children's hospital (n = 90; 88%). On PS-matched analysis, LAARP had shorter median LOS (4 [3]) compared to PSARP (6 [15]) days, P = .003. Rates of reoperation, wound infection, wound dehiscence, and mortality were unchanged between approaches. Cost was lower for LAARP (47,969 [49,450]) versus PSARP (56,110 [160,314]) U.S. dollar , P = .002, whereas total charges did not differ significantly. Conclusions: A minimal access approach to a complex procedure requires significant time and resources to be adopted as standard. PSARP is an important example, as increased availability of laparoscopy, and therefore, access to the procedure for patients will greatly affect resource utilization and recovery for the patient. As demonstrated, the LOS and cost is significantly lower for the LAARP procedure in comparison to the traditional approach. Future research will clarify boundaries to introducing the laparoscopic approach as a potential standard technique in the next decade.

AB - Background: Posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) has been the standard for management of children with high anorectal malformations (ARMs). Recently, there has been an increase in the use of laparoscopy in its management. We analyzed the outcomes of laparoscopically assisted anorectal pull-through (LAARP) compared to PSARP using a large inpatient database. Methods: Kids' Inpatient Database was analyzed for ARM (ICD-9-CM 751.2) between 1997 and 2012. Perineal fistulas and low/intermediate ARM were excluded. Propensity score (PS)-matched analyses were performed using 37 variables. Cases were weighted to provide national estimates. Results: Of the overall 29,106 cases, 7428 patients <2 years underwent surgical repair. LAARP was performed in 178 patients. Eighty-eight percent were male. Most were of Caucasian (n = 71; 45%), followed by Hispanic (n = 41; 26%) descent. Most were performed in 2009 and 2012 (n = 149; 83%). Most were covered by Medicaid (88; 49%), followed by private insurance (80; 45%). Median length of stay (LOS) was 4 (interquartile range = 3) days. The majority were performed in a children's hospital (n = 90; 88%). On PS-matched analysis, LAARP had shorter median LOS (4 [3]) compared to PSARP (6 [15]) days, P = .003. Rates of reoperation, wound infection, wound dehiscence, and mortality were unchanged between approaches. Cost was lower for LAARP (47,969 [49,450]) versus PSARP (56,110 [160,314]) U.S. dollar , P = .002, whereas total charges did not differ significantly. Conclusions: A minimal access approach to a complex procedure requires significant time and resources to be adopted as standard. PSARP is an important example, as increased availability of laparoscopy, and therefore, access to the procedure for patients will greatly affect resource utilization and recovery for the patient. As demonstrated, the LOS and cost is significantly lower for the LAARP procedure in comparison to the traditional approach. Future research will clarify boundaries to introducing the laparoscopic approach as a potential standard technique in the next decade.

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KW - anus

KW - imperforate

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