Hepatic dysfunction frequently develops in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This retrospective study was undertaken to determine the laparoscopic and histologic findings in a group of HIV- seropositive patients with or without the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Fifty-four patients, 44 with AIDS and 10 HIV-positive, underwent laparoscopic examination and visually guided biopsies for the assessment of clinical or biochemical evidence of liver injury. Significant abnormalities were detected in 31/44 (70%) AIDS patients and 3/10 (30%) HIV-positive patients. Overall, specific laparoscopic findings were described in 25/54 (46%). The most common findings were peritoneal involvement, massive intra- abdominal adhesions, focal lesions of the liver or spleen, and diffuse nodularity of the liver; these were usually related to opportunistic infections or neoplasms such as non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and Kaposi's sarcoma. No procedure-related deaths occurred. Laparoscopy is a safe and accurate method to detect underlying disease in a selected population of HIV- seropositive patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging