Langmuir and Langmuir-Blodgett films containing a porphyrin-ruthenium complex

Karen Wohnrath, Luis R. Dinelli, Sarita V. Mello, Carlos J.L. Constantino, Roger M. Leblanc, Alzir A. Batista, Osvaldo N. Oliveira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The fabrication of supramolecular structures from the tetraruthenated porphyrin-containing phosphines, {TPyP[RuCl 3(dppb)] 4}, RuTPyP is demonstrated with Langmuir and Langmuir-Blodgett films. The surface pressure-molecular area isotherms (π-A) point to an edge-on arrangement for the RuTPyP molecules in the condensed state. Weak aggregation in the Langmuir films was indicated by non-zero surface potentials at large areas per molecule and a slight red shift in the ultraviolet-visible absorption spectrum in comparison to the spectrum in solution. Further aggregation occurs in the Z-type Langmuir-Blodgett films, which was confirmed with ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy of the deposited films. Fourier transform infrared and Raman spectroscopic data for powder and Langmuir-Blodgett films indicate that the RuTPyP molecules are chemically stable in Langmuir-Blodgett films regardless of the contact with water during film fabrication. The nanostructured nature of the Langmuir-Blodgett films was manifested in cyclic voltammetry due to the high sensitivity of the metallic centers in RuTPyP. Electrodes modified with Langmuir-Blodgett films exhibit an anodic peak at 100 mV and a cathodic peak at 7 mV, which is assigned to Rulll/Rull redox processes. Furthermore, Langmuir-Blodgett films from RuTPyP showed electrocatalytic activity for oxidation of benzyl alcohol, illustrated by a large shift of 100 mV in the anodic peak at 400 mV, while electropolymerized and cast films of the same compound displayed smaller and no activities, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)909-916
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 28 2005


  • Langmuir-Blodgett Films
  • Porphyrin
  • Sensor
  • Spectroscopy
  • Supramolecule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)


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