Land cover, rainfall and land-surface albedo in West Africa

Douglas O. Fuller, Christian Ottke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Land surface albedo is an important variable in General Circulation Models (GCMs). When land cover is modified through anthropogenic land use, changes in land-surface albedo may produce atmospheric subsidence and reduction of rainfall. In this study we examined albedo time series and their relationships with rainfall, land cover, and population in West Africa. This particular region was selected because it has become a focal point in debates over biophysical impacts of desertification and deforestation. Our analyses revealed that albedo and rainfall were related only modestly at short time scales (monthly and annual) and that mean annual albedo values remained relatively stable from 1982-1989 over a wide range of climatic and vegetation zones in West Africa. The relationship between long-term mean rainfall and mean albedo was strong and curvilinear (r2 = 0.802). The same was true for the relationship between percent tree cover and mean albedo (r2 = 0.659). These results suggest that long-term climate patterns, which control vegetation type and canopy structure, have greater influence on albedo than short-term fluctuations in rainfall. Our results reinforce other recent studies based on satellite data that have questioned the extent and pervasiveness of desertification in West Africa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-204
Number of pages24
JournalClimatic Change
Volume54
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Atmospheric Science

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