Lactate transport by rainbow trout white muscle: Kinetic characteristics and sensitivity to inhibitors

Yuxiang Wang, Pamela M. Wright, George J.F. Heigenhauser, Chris M. Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


This study used an isolated-perfused tail-trunk preparation of rainbow trout to examine the uptake and release of lactate (Lac) and metabolic protons (ΔH(m)/+) in resting and exercised fish white muscle. In exercised muscle, L(+)-Lac efflux was inhibited (~40%) by 5 mM α-cyano-4- hydroxycinnamate (CIN), but not by 0.5 mM 4-acetamido-4'- isothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (SITS) or 0.1 mM amiloride. These results suggest that Lac release occurs through a Lac--H+ symport and the free diffusion of lactic acid (HLac) or Lac, but not via the Lac-/HCO3- Cl- antiporter. Lac efflux was accompanied by AH(m)/+ influx in all treatments, and increased ΔH(m)/+ influx occurred after SITS treatment. In resting muscle, Lac uptake rates were greater than Lac efflux rates in the postexercise preparation. L-Lac influx exhibited partial saturation kinetics, whereas D(-)-Lac influx was linearly related to its extracellular concentration (0-32 mM). At 16 mM extracellular L-Lac, with a negligible transmembrane L-HLac gradient and an outwardly directed net driving force on L-Lac, CIN, and SITS reduced net L-Lac uptake by 75 and 45%, respectively. At 16 mM extracellular concentration, D-Lac influx was 64% of the net L-Lac influx. These results suggest that in trout muscle at 16 mM extracellular L- Lac, the Lac--H+ symport accounts for 30-36%, the Lac-/HCO3-Cl- antiport for 39-45%, and diffusion for 19-25% of uptake, although the latter is probably overestimated and the former underestimated for methodological reasons. Net L-Lac efflux was not affected by extracellular D-Lac concentration and/or D-Lac influx, implying the existence of a concurrent L- Lac efflux during L-Lac influx. The D-Lac influx kinetics data indicated that the Lac-/HCO3/- antiport was not saturable in the extracellular D-Lac concentration range of 0-32 mM. This study clearly demonstrates the involvement of carrier-mediated transport in transmembrane Lac movement in fish muscle and supports the 'active lactate retention' mechanism proposed by Turner and Wood (J. Exp. Biol. 105: 395-401, 1983).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1577-R1587
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Issue number5 41-5
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • α-cyano-4- hydroxycinnamate
  • 4-acetamido-4'- isothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid
  • Amiloride
  • Exercise
  • Kinetics
  • Metabolic hydrogen ion
  • Perfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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