Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of monotherapy with levetiracetam (LEV) in achieving seizure cessation in a retrospective cohort of extreme preterm infants with seizures. Study design: Charts of infants with a diagnosis of neonatal seizures admitted to the NICU between 2013 and 2017 were reviewed. Seizures were diagnosed using continuous video electroencephalography. All infants were initially started on LEV and reached a dose of 80 mg/kg/day. Other ASMs were added to LEV if seizures continued after 2 days. Data on additional clinical variables were collected for each infant. Result: Sixty-one infants born <28 weeks of gestation met inclusion criteria. Seventy-four percent of patients did not respond to LEV monotherapy and required additional medications. Conclusions: LEV monotherapy stopped seizures in only a small portion of cases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology