Lack of response to treatment with levetiracetam in extreme preterm infants with seizures

Waleed Kurtom, Benjamin Courchia, Alyssa Pensirikul, Ilene Sosenko, Teresa Del-Moral

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of monotherapy with levetiracetam (LEV) in achieving seizure cessation in a retrospective cohort of extreme preterm infants with seizures. Study design: Charts of infants with a diagnosis of neonatal seizures admitted to the NICU between 2013 and 2017 were reviewed. Seizures were diagnosed using continuous video electroencephalography. All infants were initially started on LEV and reached a dose of 80 mg/kg/day. Other ASMs were added to LEV if seizures continued after 2 days. Data on additional clinical variables were collected for each infant. Result: Sixty-one infants born <28 weeks of gestation met inclusion criteria. Seventy-four percent of patients did not respond to LEV monotherapy and required additional medications. Conclusions: LEV monotherapy stopped seizures in only a small portion of cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1480-1484
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Perinatology
Volume39
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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