This paper presents a knowledge-based approach for labeling two-dimensional (2-D) magnetic resonance (MR) brain images using the Boolean neural network (BNN), which has binary inputs and outputs, integer weights, fast learning and classification, and guaranteed convergence. The approach consists of two components: a BNN clustering algorithm and a constraint satisfying Boolean neural network (CSBNN) labeling procedure. The BNN clustering algorithm is developed to initially segment an image into a number of regions. Then the segmented regions are labeled with the CSBNN, which is a modified version of BNN . The CSBNN uses a knowledge base that contains information on image-feature space and tissue models as constraints. The method is tested using sets of MR brain images. The regions of the different brain tissues are satisfactorily segmented and labeled. A comparison with the Hopfield neural network and the traditional simulated annealing method for image labeling is provided. The comparison results show that the CSBNN approach offers a fast, feasible, and reliable alternative to the existing techniques for medical image labeling.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering