Sara J Czaja, M. M. Zajkowski, C. G. Drury

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


A nationally established 81 hour curriculum is now the basic minimum requirement in many states and many thousands of Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) have completed this course since 1970. Measurement of the effectiveness of this training through improved survival rates is difficult to measure because of simultaneous changes in equipment and organization within the system, and hence training effectiveness measures are needed. Currently, methods have been devised for measuring knowledge using a 300 item multiple choice questionnaire and measuring skill using physician-observers in emergency departments to rate appropriateness of diagnosis and treatment by the EMT. This research represents the first simultaneous use of these two measures on the same sample. Measures of inter- and intra-rater reliability among the physician observers show that lack of perfect reliability is one major explanation of the lack of relationship between knowledge and skill. Recommendations for improvements in the training program content and organization are given as well as a critique of currently available evaluation tools.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnknown Host Publication Title
Number of pages4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1976
Externally publishedYes
EventCongr of the Int Ergonomics Assoc, 6th, and Tech Program of the Annu Meet of the Hum Factors Soc, 20th, Proc - College Park, MD, USA
Duration: Jul 11 1976Jul 16 1976


OtherCongr of the Int Ergonomics Assoc, 6th, and Tech Program of the Annu Meet of the Hum Factors Soc, 20th, Proc
CityCollege Park, MD, USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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