Kinetic and Mechanistic Study of the Linkage Isomerization of Substituted (5-Phenyltetrazolato)pentaamminecobalt(III) Complexes

John H. Hall, William L. Purcell

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14 Scopus citations


The facile synthesis of a series of (5-(R-phenyl)tetrazolato)pentaamminecobalt(III) complexes which undergo a spontaneous linkage isomerization reaction from the N1- to the N2-bonded linkage isomers is reported for R = 4-CH3, H, 4-Cl, 3-CF3, and 4-NO2. The first-order rate processes show a strong pH dependence with rate constants for the protonated species (k3+) approximately 50 times those of the corresponding deprotonated complexes (k2+). The rate constants and the acid equilibrium constants (Ka1) for the N1 complexes show a good correlation with the Hammett σ parameter, while the N2 acid equilibrium constants (Ka2, determined separately) correlate well with the σ- parameter. Kinetic and thermodynamic parameters (k3+, k2+, Ka1, and Ka2) determined for each system at 25°C and I = 1.0 M are 3.6 × 10-3, 4.85 × 10-5, 0.14, and 0.13; 4.8 × 10-3, 6.1 × 10-5, 0.26, and 0.16; 9.4 × 10-3, 1.40 × 10-4, 0.40, and 0.27; 2.1 × 10-2, 2.3 × 10-4, 1.1, and 0.62; and 3.1 × 10-2, 5.6 × 10-4, 1.8, and 2.2 for R = 4-CH3, H, 4-Cl, 3-CF3, and 4-NO2, respectively, where units of s-1 for the rate constants and M for the acid dissociation constants are quoted. Relief of steric hindrance as a major driving force for the isomerization is consistent with the data presented. An empirical method for the determination of % N2-bonded species present in N1 preparations is presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3806-3811
Number of pages6
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number19
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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