Of the 1,679 renal allografts performed at the University of Miami between January 1, 1979 and October 31, 1999, 1,154 were from cadaver donors (CAD), 515 were from living-related donors (LRD), and 10 were from living-unrelated donors. The 3 ethnic groups: Black Caribbean-African-American, Hispanic, and others were almost equally represented among recipients. Recipient ages ranged between 1-83 years. In the CAD group, HLA matching was emphasized so that no patient received a kidney with less than one DR match, and for the entire series a mean of 2.59 of 6 HLA antigens were matched between donors and recipients. Overall actuarial 20-year patient and graft survival rates were 65.3% and 30.7%, respectively, with 69.2% patient and 38.5% graft survival rates for LRD, and 65.6% patient and 29.0% graft survival rates for CAD recipients. Several factors adversely affected long-term graft outcome. African-Americans had an overall 20-year graft survival rate of 13.6% compared with 34% for non African-Americans (p < 0.001) (not dependent on patient survival). Diabetic patients had an overall 20-year graft survival rate of 13.5% versus 34.2% for non-diabetics (primarily dependent on patient survival). In the category of non African-American, non-diabetic patients under age 36 (n = 412), the 20-year patient survival rates in the LRD and CAD groups were 85.0% and 79.3%, respectively, and the graft survival rates were 55.7% and 46.5%, respectively. This differed markedly from the results for the entire series.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|State||Published - 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas