Sweet syndrome (SS) is an acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis that can be associated with malignancy and medications. A 60-year-old man presented with erythematous, edematous, and ulcerated plaques in the extensor surface of the upper extremities, after a ketoconazole course due to pityrosporum folliculitis. Skin biopsy showed a dense dermal neutrophilic infiltrate, associated with marked papillary dermal edema. Blood count showed leukocytosis and neutrophilia. Skin lesions resolved spontaneously with discoloration after 2 weeks of discontinuation of ketoconazole. Although most cases of drug-induced SS are associated with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, other medications need to be considered. This is the first reported case of ketoconazole-induced SS despite its widespread use.
- neutrophilic dermatosis
- Sweet syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine