Isotopic fingerprints of microbial respiration in aragonite from Bahamian stromatolites

Miriam S. Andres, Dawn Y. Sumner, R. Pamela Reid, Peter K. Swart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations

Abstract

Authigenic aragonite preserves a carbon isotopic record of heterotrophic microbial influences on dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in microenviromnents within shallow subtidal stromatolites from Highborne Cay, Bahamas. A greater amount of aragonite precipitates when and where respiration, rather than photosynthesis, influences local DIC, which is consistent with sulfate reduction promoting carbonate precipitation and calcium release during decay of exopolymeric substances. Thus, heterotrophs play a more direct role than phototrophs in stromatolite lithification. Cyanobacteria are spatially associated with aragonite containing heterotrophic isotopic signatures. Hence, the absence of an autotrophic isotopic sigature in the rock record does not imply the absence of photosynthetic organisims.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)973-976
Number of pages4
JournalGeology
Volume34
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2006

Keywords

  • Bahamas
  • Carbonate geochemistry
  • Isotopes
  • Microbe-mineral interactions
  • Stromatolites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

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