Ischemic tolerance in brain develops when sublethal ischemic insults occur before "lethal" cerebral ischemia. Two windows for the induction of tolerance by ischemic preconditioning (IPC) have been proposed: one that occurs within 1 hour after IPC, and another that occurs 1 or 2 days after IPC. The authors tested the hypotheses that IPC would reduce or prevent ischemia-induced mitochondrial dysfunction. IPC and ischemia were produced by bilateral carotid occlusions and systemic hypotension (50 mm Hg) for 2 and 10 minutes, respectively. Nonsynaptosomal mitochondria were harvested 24 hours after the 10-minute "test" ischemic insult. No significant changes were observed in the oxygen consumption rates and activities for hippocampal mitochondrial complexes I to IV between the IPC and sham groups. Twenty-four hours of reperfusion after 10 minutes of global ischemia (without IPC) promoted significant decreases in the oxygen consumption rates in presence of substrates for complexes I and II compared with the IPC and sham groups. These data suggest that IPC protects the integrity of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation after cerebral ischemia.
- Cell death
- Free radicals
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism