Is there a correlation between ventricular fibrillation cycle length and electrophysiological and anatomic properties of the canine left ventricle?

Taresh Taneja, George Horvath, Darlene K. Racker, David Johnson, Jeffrey Goldberger, Alan Kadish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We hypothesized that myocardial infarction-related alterations in ventricular fibrillation (VF) cycle length (VFCL) would correlate with changes in local cardiac electrophysiological and anatomic properties. An electrophysiological study was performed in normal, subacute, and chronic infarction mongrel dogs. VF was induced by programmed electrical stimulation and mean and minimum early and late VFCL was determined and correlated with local electrophysiological and anatomic properties. Effective refractory period (ERP), activation recovery time (ART), ERP/ART ratio, threshold, and ERP and ART dispersion were determined at 112 sites on the anterior left ventricle. Wave front progression was analyzed over a 2-s period. The extent of local tissue necrosis and of myocardial fiber disarray was also evaluated. The early mean VFCL was significantly longer in the subacute infarction (149 ± 35 ms) and chronic infarction dogs (129 ± 18 ms) compared with control dogs (102 ± 15 ms; P < 0.0001 for both comparisons) as was the early minimum VFCL with similar trends seen during late VF. Complete epicardial reentrant circuits were significantly more common in normal dogs (4.3 ± 2.4, 22.4% of cycles) than in subacute (0.75 ± 0.96, 5.3% of cycles, P < 0.05 vs. normal) and chronic infarction dogs (1.3 ± 1.3, 7.5% of cycles, P < 0.05 vs. normal). There was a poor correlation between the mean and minimum early and late VFCL and local electrophysiological and anatomic properties (R2 < 0.2 for all comparisons) with a much better correlation between average mean and minimum VFCL (over the entire plaque) and global ERP and ART dispersion during early and late VF. In conclusion, VFCL in normal and infarcted myocardium shows a poor correlation with local ventricular electrophysiological and anatomic properties measured in sinus rhythm. However, there was a much better correlation between the average VFCL with global dispersion of repolarization. The lack of correlation between local VFCL and refractoriness and the infrequent occurrence of epicardial reentry suggests that intramural reentry may be the primary mechanism of VF in this model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H823-H832
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume287
Issue number2 56-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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