Is SOD2 Ala16Val polymorphism associated with migraine with aura phenotype?

Raffaele Palmirotta, Piero Barbanti, Maria Laura De Marchis, Gabriella Egeo, Cinzia Aurilia, Luisa Fofi, Cristiano Ialongo, Maria Giovanna Valente, Patrizia Ferroni, David Della-Morte, Fiorella Guadagni

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several studies suggest a role of oxidative stress in the physiopathology of migraine, particularly in the form with aura. In a case-control study, we investigated the association between migraine and superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) genes in a cohort of 490 consecutive unrelated Caucasian migraineurs (migraine with aura [MwA], n=107; migraine without aura [MwoA], n=246; chronic migraine [CM], n=137) and 246 healthy controls recruited at our Headache and Pain Unit and stored in the Interinstitutional Multidisciplinary BioBank (BioBIM). Migraine phenotype was carefully detailed using face-to-face interviews. We examined polymorphisms of SOD1 gene (A/C substitution-rs2234694) and SOD2 gene (C/T transition-rs4880-Ala16Val). The rs4880 TT (Val/Val) genotype was associated (p=0.042) with the presence of unilateral cranial autonomic symptoms (UAs) in MwA patients. We also found a mild correlation between SOD2 rs4880 genotype and the type of acute migraine treatment (p=0.048) in MwA patients. Our findings suggest that SOD2 is a disease-modifier gene influencing oxidative mechanisms in MwA. These observations lead to the hypothesis that SOD2 polymorphism may cause a defective control of the oxidative phenomena linked to cortical spreading depression, the neurophysiological hallmark of migraine aura, causing an overstimulation of trigeminal neurons and UAs triggering. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 22, 275-279.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-279
Number of pages5
JournalAntioxidants and Redox Signaling
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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