Is it "trustworthy"? A multiple-levels-of-analysis reexamination of an ohio state leadership study, with implications for future research

Chester Schriesheim, Claudia C. Cogliser, Linda Neider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A moderator subgroup study, originally published by Schriesheim and Murphy (1976), is reexamined using the within-group agreement coefficient (rwg; James, Demaree & Wolf, 1984), moderated raw-score multiple linear regression, and moderated within- and between-entity analysis (WABA; Dansereau, Alutto & Yammarino, 1984; Schriesheim, forthcoming). The results show serious discrepancies in results between the subgroup and regression approaches, the need to exercise care in interpreting the rwg and raw-score regression results, and the necessity of conducting WABA and supplemental within-entity WABA moderation analyses to gain meaningful insight into the phenomena being investigated. Implications and future directions for leadership theory and research are considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-145
Number of pages35
JournalLeadership Quarterly
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

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Linear Models
leadership
regression
Research
moderator
Direction compound
Levels of analysis
Group
Discrepancy
Multiple linear regression
Future directions
Coefficients
Moderator
Exercise
Moderation
Leadership theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

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abstract = "A moderator subgroup study, originally published by Schriesheim and Murphy (1976), is reexamined using the within-group agreement coefficient (rwg; James, Demaree & Wolf, 1984), moderated raw-score multiple linear regression, and moderated within- and between-entity analysis (WABA; Dansereau, Alutto & Yammarino, 1984; Schriesheim, forthcoming). The results show serious discrepancies in results between the subgroup and regression approaches, the need to exercise care in interpreting the rwg and raw-score regression results, and the necessity of conducting WABA and supplemental within-entity WABA moderation analyses to gain meaningful insight into the phenomena being investigated. Implications and future directions for leadership theory and research are considered.",
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