Is greater acculturation associated with an increased prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among latinos in South Florida?

Aileen Chang, Sonjia Kenya, Kumar Ilangovan, Hua Li, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Yisel Alonzo, Olveen Carrasquillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To examine the association of acculturation with various cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs) among Latinos with diabetes in South Florida. Methods: In a cross-sectional analysis of data collected from 300 Latinos with poorly controlled diabetes we measured acculturation using the Marin Short Acculturation Scale. We examined correlations between acculturation and the following 7 CRFs: hemoglobin A1C, low-density lipoprotein, systolic blood pressure, body mass index, smoking status, physical activity, and fruit and vegetable intake. Results: Cubans made up 38% of our population; no other Latino subgroup represented over 17% of the sample. Of the 8 outcomes examined, only smoking was associated with increased acculturation; 12% of Latinos in the 2 lowest acculturation groups were current smokers versus 25% in the highest acculturation group (P=0.02). Furthermore, Cuban Americans from our sample had over double the prevalence of smoking compared with non-Cubans in both the lowest and highest acculturation groups. Conclusions: With the exception of smoking, our data does not support a link between increased acculturation and higher prevalence of CRFs in Latinos with diabetes. Smoking prevention and cessation programs targeting Latinos and particularly among Cubans are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-422
Number of pages6
JournalMedical Care
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 27 2015

Keywords

  • Hispanic
  • Latino
  • acculturation
  • cardiovascular risk
  • diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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