Investigating the Causes and Impacts of Convective Aggregation in a High Resolution Atmospheric GCM

Bosong Zhang, Brian J. Soden, Gabriel A. Vecchi, Wenchang Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A ∼50 km resolution atmospheric general circulation model (GCM) is used to investigate the impact of radiative interactions on spatial organization of convection, the model's mean state, and extreme precipitation events in the presence of realistic boundary conditions. Mechanism-denial experiments are performed in which synoptic-scale feedbacks between radiation and dynamics are suppressed by overwriting the model-generated atmospheric radiative cooling rates with its monthly varying climatological values. When synoptic-scale radiative interactions are disabled, the annual mean circulation and precipitation remain almost unchanged, however tropical convection becomes less aggregated, with an increase in cloud fraction and relative humidity in the free troposphere but a decrease in both variables in the boundary layer. Changes in cloud fraction and relative humidity in the boundary layer exhibit more sensitivity to the presence of radiative interactions than variations in the degree of aggregation. The less aggregated state is associated with a decrease in the frequency of extreme precipitation events, coincident with a decrease in the dynamical contribution to the magnitude of extreme precipitation. At regional scales, the spatial contrast in radiative cooling between dry and moist regions diminishes when radiative interactions are suppressed, reducing the upgradient transport of energy, degree of aggregation, and frequency of extreme precipitation events. However, the mean width of the tropical rain belt remains almost unaffected when radiative interactions are disabled. These results offer insights into how radiation-circulation coupling affects the spatial organization of convection, distributions of clouds and humidity, and weather extremes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2021MS002675
JournalJournal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • convective aggregation
  • extreme precipitation
  • GCM
  • radiative coupling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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