Intravitreal metoprolol for circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas: a phase I clinical trial

Leandro Chaves, André Messias, Zelia Correa, Rodrigo Jorge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Choroidal hemangioma is a visual threatening condition for which treatments is neither uniform nor widely available. New management options are necessary. The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and early outcome of intravitreal metoprolol tartrate in five patients with CCH. Methods: Five eyes of five patients diagnosed with subfoveal or peripapillary CCH and unsuccessfully treated with intravitreal anti-VEGF agents were enrolled and received off-label intravitreal injections of metoprolol (50μg/0.05 ml). Baseline and follow-up evaluations included best-corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure measurement, assessment of anterior chamber cellular score/flare and vitritis, retinography, fundus autofluorescence, and ERG. Patients were followed for a period of 30 days. Statistical analysis involved comparison of pre- and post-treatment findings using a paired t-test. Results: There was no significant difference in all ERG parameters regarding a- and b-wave amplitude and implicit time, and oscillatory potentials’ maximal amplitude. There were no significant changes in visual acuity. None of the patients developed clinical signs of intraocular inflammation. The subretinal and/or intraretinal fluid improved in 3 out of 5 patients 4 weeks after the metoprolol injection. Conclusions: Patients with CCH treated with a single injection of 50μg/0.05ml intravitreal metoprolol injections showed no signs of acute ocular toxicity. This pilot study did not assess long-term retinal toxicity, different concentrations, drug resistance, and complications from repeated-intravitreal injections.[Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2837-2841
Number of pages5
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Choroid
  • Electroretinogram
  • Hemangioma
  • Metoprolol
  • Ocular toxicity
  • β-blocker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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