Background: A new method of intravitreal drug delivery of acetylsalicylic acid (AS) in silicone oil was investigated for safety and for its pharmacokinetics in the posterior pole of the eye. Methods: The AS was mixed in silicone oil to a concentration of 1.67 mg/ml. After vitrectomy, 15 NZW rabbits received an intravitreal injection of AS/silicone oil suspension. Clinical examination, pre-and postoperative electroretinography (ERG) and histology were performed. The pharmacokinetics of the distribution of salicylic acid was determined by HPLC analysis at 6 h, 24 h and 5 days in optic nerve, retina, choroid, vitreous, and blood. Results: Clinical examination and histology revealed no adverse effects or signs of toxicity. The ERGs showed no significant difference between the pre- and postoperative results. The salicylic acid concentrations demonstrated peak values in the residual vitreous (640.0 υg/ml), choroid (446.0 ng/mg) and retina (281.3 ng/mg) at 6 h. At 24 h, the salicylic acid concentration decreased to 20.9 υg/ml in the residual vitreous and to 38.5 ng/mg in the retina. At 5 days the retinal level was still 48.1 ng/mg. Conclusions: AS delivery by intravitreal administration of loaded silicone oil is a safe method and results in high concentrations of salicylic acid in the posterior segment of the eye while maintaining low blood levels.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience