Intravenous Drug Use and HIV Infection in Miami

John Page, Dale D. Chitwood, Prince C. Smith, Normie Kane, Duane C. McBride

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this article we report the results of a study of needle‐using behaviors in a street‐recruited, noninstitutionalized sample of intravenous drug users (IVDUs) in Miami‐Dade County. Survey data, elicited from 230 IVDUs, indicate a statistically significant relationship between injection frequency and antibody seropositivity for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Self‐reported needle‐sharing behavior and use of safe houses (i.e., shooting galleries) are also related to infection. Observational data, gathered using ethnographic techniques, identify standard cleaning practices, drug sharing between syringes, and accidental punctures as additional risks of HIV infection for IVDUs. In‐depth interview data on values associated with needle use indicate that interventions focused on needle cleaning can be effective in this population. 1990 American Anthropological Association

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56-71
Number of pages16
JournalMedical Anthropology Quarterly
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

Fingerprint

Virus Diseases
Drug Users
Needle Sharing
drug use
HIV
drug
Needles
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Anthropology
Punctures
Interviews
Injections
Antibodies
Infection
Population
Drugs
Miami
AIDS/HIV
interview
Values

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts
  • Anthropology

Cite this

Intravenous Drug Use and HIV Infection in Miami. / Page, John; Chitwood, Dale D.; Smith, Prince C.; Kane, Normie; McBride, Duane C.

In: Medical Anthropology Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1990, p. 56-71.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Page, J, Chitwood, DD, Smith, PC, Kane, N & McBride, DC 1990, 'Intravenous Drug Use and HIV Infection in Miami', Medical Anthropology Quarterly, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 56-71. https://doi.org/10.1525/maq.1990.4.1.02a00050
Page, John ; Chitwood, Dale D. ; Smith, Prince C. ; Kane, Normie ; McBride, Duane C. / Intravenous Drug Use and HIV Infection in Miami. In: Medical Anthropology Quarterly. 1990 ; Vol. 4, No. 1. pp. 56-71.
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