Intrauterine shoulder weakness and obstetric brachial plexus palsy

Israel Alfonso, Oscar Papazian, Hans Shuhaiber, Ilker Yaylali, John A.I. Grossman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Obstetrical brachial plexus injury occurs when the forces preventing the stretch of the brachial plexus are overcome by the forces stretching it. This report describes an 8-day-old male delivered by uncomplicated cesarean section with right obstetrical brachial plexus palsy and congenital arm atrophy. The patient had a history of decreased right arm movement detected by fetal ultrasound at 18 to 20 weeks of gestation. The purpose of this article is to report that stretching of brachial plexus at birth sufficient to produce a plexus injury may occur in a patient with a vulnerable plexus even in the absence of traction during delivery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-227
Number of pages3
JournalPediatric Neurology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology


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