The time course of lung mechanics, histology, and inflammatory and fibrogenic mediators are analysed after intratracheal instillation (IT) of bone marrow-derived cells (BMDC) in a model of silicosis. C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into SIL (silica, 20 mg IT) and control (CTRL) groups (saline IT). At day 15, mice received saline or BMDC (2 × 106 cells) IT. The biodistribution of technetium-99m BMDC was higher in lungs compared with other organs. At days 30 and 60, lung mechanics, the area of granulomatous nodules, and mRNA expression of IL-1β and TGF-β were higher in SIL than CTRL animals. BMDC minimized changes in lung mechanics, the area of granulomatous nodules, and total cell infiltration at day 30, but these effects were no longer observed at day 60. Conversely, BMDC avoided the expression of IL-1β at days 30 and 60 and TGF-β only at day 30. In conclusion, BMDC therapy improved lung mechanics and histology, but this beneficial effect was not maintained in the course of injury.
- Bone marrow-derived cells
- Pulmonary mechanics
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine