Intracellular transport, sorting, and turnover of acetylcholinesterase. Evidence for an endoglycosidase H-sensitive form in Golgi apparatus, sarcoplasmic reticulum, and clathrin-coated vesicles and its rapid degradation by a non-lysosomal mechanism

R. L. Rotundo, K. Thomas, K. Porter-Jordan, R. J.J. Benson, C. Fernandez-Valle, R. E. Fine

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Abstract

Tissue-cultured muscle cells synthesize several oligomeric forms of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) destined for the cell surface or secretion. Previous studies on the biogenesis of AChE polypeptide chains have shown that only a small fraction become assembled into catalytically active oligomers which transit the Golgi apparatus and acquire endoglycosidase H (endo H) resistance. Most of the AChE polypeptides remain endo H-sensitive and are rapidly degraded intracellularly. We now show that all newly synthesized AChE polypeptides are transported from the rough endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi apparatus where they acquire N-acetylglucosamine. However, approximately 80% of these AChE polypeptides remain endo H-sensitive and are degraded intracellularly with a half-life of about 1.5 h by a mechanism which is insensitive to lysosomotropic agents. These endo H-sensitive AChE molecules can be chased into clathrin-coated vesicles and/or the sarcoplasmic reticulum prior to degradation. Pulse-chase studies of isotopically labeled or catalytically active AChE molecules suggest that there are at least two discreet populations of clathrin-coated vesicles which leave the Golgi, one whose origin is cis/medial and one whose origin is trans. These studies indicate the existence of a post-rough endoplasmic reticulum, non-lysosomal degradative pathway for intra-luminal proteins and suggest that post-translational evens at the levels of protein sorting and degradation may play a role in regulating the abundance of exportable proteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3146-3152
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume264
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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