Twenty-three patients with malignant melanoma metastatic to the central nervous system (CNS) were treated with intracarotid cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Twenty-two had failed prior cranial radiation therapy (one patient refused radiation therapy) and had progressive brain metastases documented by computerized tomography (CT). Intracarotid cisplatin 40-75 mg/m2 was administered alone (seven patients) with 1,3-bis(2-Chloroethyl)-1-nitrosurea (BCNU) (13 patients) or bleomycin (three patients). Courses were repeated monthly with CT scan. Seven patients (30%) had objective improvement in CT scans and three patients (13%) had stabilization of disease. The median time to tumor progression for responding patients was 20 weeks (range 8-34 weeks) while stable disease ranged from 9-12 weeks. In three patients the extracranial disease progressed while the brain metastases responded. Neurological and retinal toxicity were potential complications of therapy. Intracarotid cisplatin-based chemotherapy may be useful for palliation in selected patients with malignant melanoma and CNS metastases.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||American Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research