A review of intraaortic balloon pump use at the University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Medical Center over the past 21 years identified 2 cases where a balloon was found to be entrapped. The balloon catheters had been in place for approximately 10 days when this complication occurred. The retained balloons were torn, filled with clotted blood, and impacted in the vasculature. In our first case, forceful removal of the intraaortic balloon was complicated by unintentional extraction of the external iliac and common femoral arteries. In the second case, clot within the balloon was dissolved with tissue plasminogen activator injected into the drive lumen of the catheter before removal. The prevention and management of this rare but serious complication of intraaortic balloon pumping is reviewed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine