Intestinal transport processes in marine fish osmoregulation

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This chapter focuses on intestinal water absorption that is ultimately linked to salt absorption. The gastrointestinal tract was recognized early to play a vital role in marine teleost osmoregulation by absorbing water. The esophagus and the intestine of marine fish contribute in functionally distinct ways to marine teleost osmoregulation. Despite the obvious influence of feeding on intestinal transport processes associated with osmoregulation, only a minor disturbance of salt and water balance was evident from plasma osmolality and ionic composition. Water loss to the marine environment is inevitable through renal excretion and non-renal loss, most of which is likely to occur across the gill surface. The intestinal epithelium provides for osmoregulation by absorbing water. Urotensin II is secreted from the urophysis at rates responding to external salinities with circulating levels being higher in seawater-than in freshwater-adapted fish, suggesting a role in water retention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFish Osmoregulation
PublisherCRC Press
Pages333-357
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)9781439843116
ISBN (Print)9781578084470
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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