Abrupt transfer of rainbow trout from freshwater to 65% seawater caused transient disturbances in extracellular fluid ionic composition, but homeostasis was reestablished 48 h posttransfer. Intestinal fluid chemistry revealed early onset of drinking and slightly delayed intestinal water absorption that coincided with initiation of NaCl absorption and HCO3- secretion. Suggestive of involvement in osmoregulation, relative mRNA levels for vacuolar H+-ATPase (V-ATPase), Na+-K+-ATPase, Na+/H+ exchanger 3 (NHE3), Na+-HCO 3- cotransporter 1, and two carbonic anhydrase (CA) isoforms [a general cytosolic isoform trout cytoplasmic CA (tCAc) and an extracellular isoform trout membrane-bound CA type IV (tCAIV)], were increased transiently in the intestine following exposure to 65% seawater. Both tCAc and tCAIV proteins were localized to apical regions of the intestinal epithelium and exhibited elevated enzymatic activity after acclimation to 65% seawater. The V-ATPase was localized to both basolateral and apical regions and exhibited a 10-fold increase in enzymatic activity in fish acclimated to 65% seawater, suggesting a role in marine osmoregulation. The intestinal epithelium of rainbow trout acclimated to 65% seawater appears to be capable of both basolateral and apical H+ extrusion, likely depending on osmoregulatory status and intestinal fluid chemistry.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|State||Published - Nov 2007|
- HCO secretion
- Intestinal H transport
- Water absorption
ASJC Scopus subject areas