International springboard as an entrepreneurial act

Vladislav Maksimov, Yadong Luo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


International springboard is an entrepreneurial act that requires international entrepreneurial orientation (IEO). An important aspect of international springboard is the establishment of a deeply localized flagship foreign subsidiary to help pursue diverse international strategic goals. We model parent-level IEO as a mediator in the relationships between diversity of international strategic goals and flagship subsidiary localization strategies (customer responsiveness, market scope, and local cooperativeness). The results from a sample of 208 Chinese MNEs demonstrate that the three dimensions of IEO (innovativeness, proactiveness, and risk taking) play an important but differentiated mediation role. The study illustrates the connection between parent-level entrepreneurial behavior and subsidiary-level strategic actions through which MNEs capture cross-national entrepreneurial opportunities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101176
JournalJournal of World Business
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2021


  • Emerging market MNEs
  • International entrepreneurial orientation
  • International springboard
  • Localization strategy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Finance
  • Marketing


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