International expansion of emerging market enterprises: A springboard perspective

Yadong Luo, Rosalie L. Tung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1567 Scopus citations


In this article, we present a springboard perspective to describe the internationalization of emerging market multinational corporations (EM MNEs). EM MNEs use international expansion as a springboard to acquire strategic resources and reduce their institutional and market constraints at home. In so doing, they overcome their latecomer disadvantage in the global stage via a series of aggressive, risk-taking measures by aggressively acquiring or buying critical assets from mature MNEs to compensate for their competitive weaknesses. We discuss unique traits that characterize the international expansion of EM MNEs, and the unique motivations that steer them toward internationalization. We further delineate peculiar strategies and activities undertaken by these firms in pursuit of international expansion, as well as internal and external forces that might compel or facilitate their propulsion into the global scene. We finally explain the risks and remedies associated with this international springboarding strategy and highlight major issues meriting further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)481-498
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of International Business Studies
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 19 2007


  • Emerging market multinationals
  • International expansion
  • Springboard

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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