Intermittent cyclosporin A treatment of severe plaque psoriasis. Long-term follow-up of 26 patients

A. M. Peluso, F. Bardazzi, A. Tosti, C. Varotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effects of intermittent Cyclosporin A treatment of severe plaque psoriasis. For this purpose we considered the clinical records of 26 patients who had been intermittently treated with Cyclosporin A for 2 to 4 years. All 26 patients had severe plaque-type psoriasis (PASI score >18) that was unresponsive to conventional treatment. The initial Cyclosporin A dosage was 5 mg/kg/day in 8 cases and 3 mg/kg/day in 18 cases. In all patients, Cyclosporin A treatment was prolonged until complete or nearly complete remission of psoriasis (mean 2 months; range 1-4 months). All patients subsequently underwent a 2-4 months maintenance treatment with Cyclosporin A dosages that were gradually reduced until tapering off. In order to maintain clinical improvement after Cyclosporin A withdrawal, patients were treated with topical steroids, topical tar, emollients and UVA exposure and/or eliotherapy. Cyclosporin A treatment (2.5-3 mg/kg/day) was reintroduced only when clinical relapses reached a PASI score of 12 or more. Duration and dosages of Cyclosporin A cycles were always adapted for the purpose of obtaining an improvement acceptable to the patient (PASI <8) rather than total clearance of psoriasis. So far, the 26 patients have undergone 3-5 cycles of therapy with low doses of Cyclosporin A. None of these 26 patients interrupted Cyclosporin A treatment because of side effects. In conclusion, in our experience cyclic CyA treatment is effective for the long-term treatment of psoriatic patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-91
Number of pages2
JournalActa Dermato-Venereologica, Supplement
Issue number186
StatePublished - Jun 20 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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