Interleukin-6 and platelet protagonists in T lymphocyte and virological response

Maria Jose Miguez, Allan Rodríguez, Sonya Hadrigan, Deshratn Asthana, Ximena Burbano, Mary Ann Fletcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present cross-sectional study evaluated the status and relationship of interleukin-6, a platelet growth factor, with platelet counts, viral load, CD4 counts, and antiretroviral treatment in 75 HIV-infected subjects with thrombocytopenia and 50 gender-, race-, age- and antiretroviral treatment-matched controls without thrombocytopenia. Mean IL-6 production was significantly higher in thrombocytopenic participants (13 432 ± 8596) than in non-thrombocytopenic subjects (12 859 ± 3538 pg/105 Lym). Univariate analyses indicated, however, that thrombocytopenic patients were more likely to have <3000 pg of IL-6 than non-thrombocytopenic patients (OR = 7 95% CI 1.3-12; P = 0.01). For additional analyses, participants were dichotomized above and below 3000 pg of IL-6. Despite similar age, gender, drug use and antiretroviral treatment, thrombocytopenic participants had lower CD4 counts (186.5 ± 149 vs. 401 ± 286, P = 0.005) than non-thrombocytopenic subjects. Thrombocytopenic participants with elevated IL-6, with or without HAART, were more likely to have higher HIV-replication (496 273 ± 210 416; 34 656 ± 25 332) than thrombocytopenic individuals with low IL-6 levels (105 332 ± 42 699; 19 015 ± 14 296 P = 0.05). Non-thrombocytopenic patients with high IL-6 levels exhibited the highest CD4s (466.7 ± 333) and the lowest viral burden (63 094 ± 53 300) of the groups. Two distinct categories of HIV-associated thrombocytopenia exist: one accompanied by low IL-6, and another with compensatory elevations of IL-6. In thrombocytopenic individuals, the latter was associated with the poorest immunological and virological responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)281-286
Number of pages6
JournalPlatelets
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2005

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Keywords

  • CD4
  • IL-6
  • Platelets
  • Viral load

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Miguez, M. J., Rodríguez, A., Hadrigan, S., Asthana, D., Burbano, X., & Fletcher, M. A. (2005). Interleukin-6 and platelet protagonists in T lymphocyte and virological response. Platelets, 16(5), 281-286. https://doi.org/10.1080/09537100400028727