A monoclonal antibody (5C3) to an antigen expressed on activated guinea pig T lymphocytes that did not react with the interleukin 2 (IL-2) receptor, but inhibited IL-2-driven proliferative responses has been previously characterized. The present study provides further analysis of the inhibitory capacity of 5C3 for T-cell proliferation and of the relationship between the expression of the antigen defined by 5C3 and the capacity of cells to respond to IL-2. 5C3 inhibited proliferation of T-cell blasts to IL-2-containing fluids when added as late as 8 hr prior to termination of a 26-hr culture. 5C3 pretreatment of the IL-2-responsive blast cells was also sufficient to detect significant inhibition of proliferation. FACS analysis of these blasts indicated that maximal 5C3 binding was required for pretreatment to result in inhibition of IL-2-driven proliferation. Delayed addition of 5C3 to culture or pretreatment with 5C3 of responding cells also resulted in inhibition of proliferation of immune T lymphocytes to antigen-pulsed-presenting cells. Lastly, although modulated 5C3- blasts failed to proliferate to IL-2, induction of the 5C3-bearing molecule on these 5C3- blasts correlated with restoration of the ability of these cells to proliferate to IL-2. Collectively, these results further support the hypothesis that monoclonal antibody 5C3 interferes with a critical signal in the IL-2 growth pathway.
ASJC Scopus subject areas