Interleukin 17 (IL-17) regulates the recruitment of early stromal progenitors into colony formation

A. Alzoebie, P. Schwarzenberger, A. Miller, J. K. Kolls, C. D. Scher, R. P. Wamer, V. F. La Russa

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Interactions between T-cells and stromal cells of the microenvironment are important for stem cell growth and differentiation. IL-17 is a novel cytokine produced by a subset of regulatory T-cells <TCR+,CD4-,CD8-) and targets stromal fibroblasts to produce cytokines (IL-6, IL-8, G-CSF) which regulate the proliferation of hematopoietic progenitor cells. In this study we examined IL-17 regulation of stromal progenitor cells, CFU-STRO, colony forming potential from human marrow. Our objectives were to determine whether IL-17: a) recruited CFU-STRO into colony formation, and b) preferentially targeted subpopulations of stromal progenitors with high proliferative potential, HPP. The stromal progenitor cell pool was defined by two major populations as 2-week colony forming units and 4-week colony forming units. Stromal progenitor subtypes were defined as pure fibroblast colony forming units, CFU-STROf, and as multipotential, CFU-STROmix, by giving rise to fibroblasts as well as other cell types including adipocytes. Colony formation was evaluated by plating efficiency (colony numbers/ 2.5xl05 MNC plated), and colony size (mm2). Colonies >30mm2 were defined as high proliferative progenitors (HPP). Two doses of IL-17, 5.0 ng/ml, and 50.0 ng/ml caused a significant increase in both colony numbers and size when compared to control. CFU-STRO colony frequency increased by 20% and 65%. and the average colony size also increased by 25% and 61% with these respective doses. There was also a dose responsive growth of all stroma covering the surface area of each plate by 50% and 163%. Further, IL-17 increased CFU-STRO (HPP) type colony formation by 50% and 150% by preferentially targeting CFU-STROmix by 37% and 96% when compared to a 3% and 37% increase in CFU-STROf. We conclude that IL-17 enhances overall plating efficiency and proliferation of CFU-STRO and preferentially targets multipotential CFU-STROmix HPP, These data indicate that IL-17 is a novel cytokine that regulates the proliferation of the stromal/mesenchymal stem cell pool.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalExperimental Hematology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research


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