Interdependence of stress processes among African American family members: Influence of HIV serostatus and a new infant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations


This study makes a theoretical contribution to stress process research by using a systemic approach to contextualize individual outcomes within the framework of other family members' experience. Utilizing a mixed model approach, indicators of the stress process of urban low-income HIV+ African American recent mothers were found to affect the psychological distress and perceived adequacy of coping of multiple other family members. These relationships were found to be strongest proximal to birth and to be exacerbated by HIV infection. Social support to the mother was found to have differential effects depending on whether it was from the immediate family or outside sources. HIV infection of the recent mother was found to affect family members both through relationships of the mother's stress process and through their own coping responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-363
Number of pages25
JournalPsychology and Health
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2002



  • Coping responses
  • Family
  • HIV
  • Multi-level data
  • Social support
  • Stress process
  • Systemic process

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this