Interactions between endothelia of the trabecular meshwork and of Schlemm's canal: A new insight into the regulation of aqueous outflow in the eye

Jorge A. Alvarado, Ru Fang Yeh, Linda Franse-Carman, George Marcellino, Michael J. Brownstein, Richard K. Parrish, Jorge A. Alvarado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To test the hypothesis that trabecular meshwork endothelial cells (TMEs) regulate aqueous outflow by actively releasing ligands that upon binding to Schlemm's canal endothelial cells (SCEs) increase transendothelial flow, thereby facilitating the egress of aqueous. Methods: We tested our hypothesis by (1) activating the TMEs in vitro using a laser procedure known to increase aqueous outflow in vivo; (2) demonstrating that lasered TMEs become activated at the genome-wide level and synthesize ligands; (3) ascertaining that media conditioned by laser-activated TMEs and ligands therein increase transendothelial flow when added to SCEs; and (4) determining that ligands identified as synthesized by TMEs increase permeability when added to SCEs. Results: We find that adding either media conditioned by lasered TMEs or ligands synthesized by TMEs to naïve control SCEs increases permeability. Adding media boiled, diluted, or conditioned by nonlasered TMEs abrogates these permeability effects. Media conditioned by either lasered TMEs or SCEs (TME-cm/SCE-cm), when added to untreated controls of each cell type, induce congruous gene expression and flow effects: TME-cm induces far more differentially expressed genes (829 in control TMEs and 1,120 in control SCEs) than does the SCE-cm (12 in control TMEs and 328 in control SCEs), and TME-cm also increases flow much more (more than 11-fold in control TMEs and more than fourfold in control SCEs) than does the SCE-cm (fivefold in control TMEs and twofold in control SCEs). Conclusions: As postulated, the TMEs release factors that regulate SCE permeability. Derangement of this TME-driven process may play an important role in the pathogenesis of glaucoma. Ligands identified, which regulate permeability, have potential use for glaucoma therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)148-163
Number of pages16
JournalTransactions of the American Ophthalmological Society
Volume103
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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