Interaction behaviors of primary versus secondary caretaker fathers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations


A comparison was made between the videotaped behaviors of primary caretaker mothers and both primary and secondary caretaker fathers during face-to-face interactions with their 4-mo-old infants. The sample consisted of 36 infants, 12 observed with their primary caretaker mothers, 12 with primary caretaker fathers, and 12 with secondary caretaker fathers. Fathers in general tended to engage in significantly more game playing and less holding of their infants. Primary caretaker fathers and mothers engaged in significantly more smiling, imitative grimaces, and high-pitched imitative vocalizations than did secondary caretaker fathers. These differences were related to the primary caretaker mothers' and fathers' greater familiarity with their infants. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-184
Number of pages2
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 1978


  • behaviors during face-to-face interactions with their 4 mo old infants, primary & secondary caretaker fathers & primary caretaker mothers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Life-span and Life-course Studies
  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Interaction behaviors of primary versus secondary caretaker fathers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this