Intention to screen for Alzheimer’s disease by residential locale

Lilah M. Besser, Willa D. Brenowitz, Juyoung Park, Magdalena I. Tolea, James E. Galvin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A random digit dialing sample from Missouri (USA) was used to compare associations between psychosocial factors and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) screening intention based on residential locale. Linear regression associations between demographics and five psychosocial constructs (dementia knowledge, perceived screening benefits, preventive health behaviors, perceived susceptibility, and self-efficacy) and screening intention were compared by residential locale. Participants (n = 932) had a mean age of 62 years (urban: n = 375; suburban: n = 319, rural: n = 238). African Americans more often lived in urban than suburban/rural neighborhoods, and more urban than suburban/rural residents reported insufficient income. Preventative health behaviors (e.g., dentist visits) were higher in urban and suburban versus rural participants. AD screening intention did not differ by residential locale. Among urban participants, self-efficacy to get screened was associated with screening intention. Among rural participants, dementia knowledge was associated with screening intention. Perceived screening benefits and perceived susceptibility to AD were associated with screening intention regardless of locale. Unlike urban participants, rural participants demonstrated greater screening intention with greater dementia knowledge. Our findings suggest that psychosocial factors associated with AD screening intention differ depending on residential locale. Strategies to increase dementia screening may need to account for regional variations to be maximally effective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2261
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume17
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Dementia
  • Intention
  • Neighborhood
  • Rural
  • Screening
  • Suburban
  • Urban

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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