Intensive short term measurements of the ambient aerosol in the Greater Cincinnati airshed

Rafael McDonald, Shaohua Hu, Dainius Martuzevicius, Sergey A. Grinshpun, Grace LeMasters, Pratim Biswas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

As part of a larger study undertaken in the Greater Cincinnati area to determine if diesel truck emissions are adjuvant to naturally occurring bioaerosols in the initiation of allergies in children, a more detailed intensive measurement campaign was undertaken to elucidate the characteristics of the ambient aerosol and compare to the regular, integrated measurements being conducted. The mass concentration, total number concentration, size distributions, and morphologies were established at several locations including a residential area far from major traffic (Mernic), a suburban area on both sides of a major highway (I-275, Blue Ash), a site in the city center very close to the highway (I-75, Findlay), and an enclosed oval track at a Truck Driving School. Differences between real-time tapered element oscillating microbalance (TEOM) average mass concentrations and integrated Harvard impactor (HI) measurements were observed, with the magnitude of the difference being dependent on location and the organic compounds (OC) concentrations in the sample. Qualitative variation of the peaks in real-time PM 2.5 concentrations were observed with variation in truck traffic at the Findlay site; and no peaks in real-time PM 2.5 levels were observed at Mernic. Minimal variation in PM 2.5 was observed with distance from the highway at the Blue Ash site (fewer trucks). The site at Mernic had a smaller fraction of aggregated particles in comparison to the other sites. The two-dimensional fractal dimensions measured at the Findlay, Blue Ash, and Truck Driving School sites were statistically identical (1.58-1.61) but were higher than that measured at the Mernic site (1.41). Implications of the intensive measurement campaign vis-à-vis the epidemiological study are discussed briefly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)70-79
Number of pages10
JournalAerosol Science and Technology
Volume38
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Pollution

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