Integrin-linked kinase mediates CTGF-induced epithelial to mesenchymal transition in alveolar type II epithelial cells

Mitra Shafieian, Shaoyi Chen, Shu Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background:Overexpression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in alveolar type II epithelial (AT II) cells disrupts alveolar structure, causes interstitial fibrosis, and upregulates integrin-linked kinase (ILK). Whether CTGF-ILK signaling induces epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in AT II cells is unknown.Methods:Transgenic mice with targeted overexpression of CTGF in AT II cells were generated utilizing the surfactant protein C (SP-C) gene promoter and doxycycline-inducible system. AT II cells were isolated from 4-wk-old CTGF-overexpressing (CTGF+) mice and control littermates, and cultured on Matrigel. Cells were transfected with ILK siRNA, and cell morphology and expression of cell differentiation markers were analyzed.Results:The AT II cells from the control lungs grew in clusters and formed alveolar-like cysts and expressed SP-C. In contrast, the cells from CTGF+ lungs were spread and failed to form alveolar-like cysts. These cells expressed higher levels of CTGF, α smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), fibronectin and vimentin, the mesenchymal markers, suggesting EMT-like changes. Transfection with ILK siRNA not only dramatically attenuated ILK expression, but also decreased α-SMA expression as well as reversed cell morphological changes in CTGF+ AT II cells.Conclusion:Overexpression of CTGF induces EMT in mouse primary AT II cells and this is mediated by ILK.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)520-527
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric Research
Volume77
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 19 2015

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Connective Tissue Growth Factor
Alveolar Epithelial Cells
Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
Small Interfering RNA
Cysts
Lung
integrin-linked kinase
Doxycycline
Differentiation Antigens
Vimentin
Protein C
Fibronectins
Surface-Active Agents
Transgenic Mice
Transfection
Smooth Muscle
Actins
Cell Differentiation
Fibrosis
Up-Regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Integrin-linked kinase mediates CTGF-induced epithelial to mesenchymal transition in alveolar type II epithelial cells. / Shafieian, Mitra; Chen, Shaoyi; Wu, Shu.

In: Pediatric Research, Vol. 77, No. 4, 19.04.2015, p. 520-527.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background:Overexpression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in alveolar type II epithelial (AT II) cells disrupts alveolar structure, causes interstitial fibrosis, and upregulates integrin-linked kinase (ILK). Whether CTGF-ILK signaling induces epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in AT II cells is unknown.Methods:Transgenic mice with targeted overexpression of CTGF in AT II cells were generated utilizing the surfactant protein C (SP-C) gene promoter and doxycycline-inducible system. AT II cells were isolated from 4-wk-old CTGF-overexpressing (CTGF+) mice and control littermates, and cultured on Matrigel. Cells were transfected with ILK siRNA, and cell morphology and expression of cell differentiation markers were analyzed.Results:The AT II cells from the control lungs grew in clusters and formed alveolar-like cysts and expressed SP-C. In contrast, the cells from CTGF+ lungs were spread and failed to form alveolar-like cysts. These cells expressed higher levels of CTGF, α smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), fibronectin and vimentin, the mesenchymal markers, suggesting EMT-like changes. Transfection with ILK siRNA not only dramatically attenuated ILK expression, but also decreased α-SMA expression as well as reversed cell morphological changes in CTGF+ AT II cells.Conclusion:Overexpression of CTGF induces EMT in mouse primary AT II cells and this is mediated by ILK.",
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N2 - Background:Overexpression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in alveolar type II epithelial (AT II) cells disrupts alveolar structure, causes interstitial fibrosis, and upregulates integrin-linked kinase (ILK). Whether CTGF-ILK signaling induces epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in AT II cells is unknown.Methods:Transgenic mice with targeted overexpression of CTGF in AT II cells were generated utilizing the surfactant protein C (SP-C) gene promoter and doxycycline-inducible system. AT II cells were isolated from 4-wk-old CTGF-overexpressing (CTGF+) mice and control littermates, and cultured on Matrigel. Cells were transfected with ILK siRNA, and cell morphology and expression of cell differentiation markers were analyzed.Results:The AT II cells from the control lungs grew in clusters and formed alveolar-like cysts and expressed SP-C. In contrast, the cells from CTGF+ lungs were spread and failed to form alveolar-like cysts. These cells expressed higher levels of CTGF, α smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), fibronectin and vimentin, the mesenchymal markers, suggesting EMT-like changes. Transfection with ILK siRNA not only dramatically attenuated ILK expression, but also decreased α-SMA expression as well as reversed cell morphological changes in CTGF+ AT II cells.Conclusion:Overexpression of CTGF induces EMT in mouse primary AT II cells and this is mediated by ILK.

AB - Background:Overexpression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in alveolar type II epithelial (AT II) cells disrupts alveolar structure, causes interstitial fibrosis, and upregulates integrin-linked kinase (ILK). Whether CTGF-ILK signaling induces epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in AT II cells is unknown.Methods:Transgenic mice with targeted overexpression of CTGF in AT II cells were generated utilizing the surfactant protein C (SP-C) gene promoter and doxycycline-inducible system. AT II cells were isolated from 4-wk-old CTGF-overexpressing (CTGF+) mice and control littermates, and cultured on Matrigel. Cells were transfected with ILK siRNA, and cell morphology and expression of cell differentiation markers were analyzed.Results:The AT II cells from the control lungs grew in clusters and formed alveolar-like cysts and expressed SP-C. In contrast, the cells from CTGF+ lungs were spread and failed to form alveolar-like cysts. These cells expressed higher levels of CTGF, α smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), fibronectin and vimentin, the mesenchymal markers, suggesting EMT-like changes. Transfection with ILK siRNA not only dramatically attenuated ILK expression, but also decreased α-SMA expression as well as reversed cell morphological changes in CTGF+ AT II cells.Conclusion:Overexpression of CTGF induces EMT in mouse primary AT II cells and this is mediated by ILK.

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