Integrating digital information for coastal and marine sciences

Fausto Marincioni, Frances L. Lightsom, Rebecca L. Riall, Guthrie A. Linck, Thomas C. Aldrich, Michael J. Caruso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


A pilot distributed geolibrary, the Marine Realms Information Bank (MRIB), was developed by the U.S. Geological Survey Coastal and Marine Geology Program and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, to classify, integrate, and facilitate access to scientific information about oceans, coasts, and lakes. The MRIB is composed of a categorization scheme, a metadata database, and a specialized software back-end, capable of drawing together information from remote sources without modifying their original format or content. Twelve facets are used to classify information: location, geologic time, feature type, biota, discipline, research method, hot topics, project, agency, author, content type, and file type. The MRIB approach allows easy and flexible organization of large or growing document collections for which centralized repositories would be impractical. Geographic searching based on the gazetteer and map interface is the centerpiece of the MRIB distributed geolibrary. The MRIB is one of a very few digital libraries that employ georeferencing -A fundamentally different way to structure information from the traditional author/title/subject/keyword approach employed by most digital libraries. Lessons learned in developing the MRIB will be useful as other digital libraries confront the challenges of georeferencing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-141
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Digital Information Management
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Coastal and marine science
  • Digital library
  • Distributed geolibrary
  • Georeferencing
  • Geospatial referencing
  • Information categorization
  • U.s. geological survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management Information Systems
  • Information Systems
  • Library and Information Sciences


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