A general overview of the Cerrado Region, the largest South American savanna region, is presented. Following this overview, I compare, by using simple approaches, the status of the botanical and ornithological inventory, the estimates of plant and bird species richness and the distribution of plant and bird endemic species within the Cerrado Region. Thereafter, I discuss if and how plant and bird data sets can be used for developing strategies for the conservation of the biological resources of the Cerrado Region. The Cerrado Region is not well sampled for both plants and birds. Areas with high concentration of collecting points are located near the major cities or some national parks. Although unsatisfactorily sampled, recent studies indicate that the Cerrado Region biota is richer and more heterogeneous than previously though. Around 10,000 species of plants and 837 bird species inhabit this region. Several plant and bird endemic species are not widely distributed within the Cerrado Region, but their ranges delimit sub-areas of endemism. Because the distribution of the biological diversity within the Cerrado Region is poorly known and most of this region is threatened by the expansion of human activities, it is suggested that the ecosystem or landscape approach is the most feasible way to define priority areas for conservation within this region.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias|
|Issue number||4 PART 2|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1998|
- Birds and plants
ASJC Scopus subject areas