We used a modification of Langendorff's isolated perfused nonworking rat-heart model to study the effects of diabetes, insulin-treated diabetes, and hyperinsulinemia on left ventricular pressure, force of ventricular contraction, and myocardial contracture, before, during, and after 20 min of complete normothermic global ischemia. Untreated diabetic rat hearts behaved the same as normal hearts, but insulin-treated diabetic hearts had more ischemic and postischemic contracture (p < .01), and less return of left ventricular function. Chronic insulin treatment potentiated ischemic contracture in diabetic and nondiabetic rat hearts. These results support the hypotheses that insulin can increase Ca++ actin-myosin ATPase activity, and increase the affinity of myofibrillar receptors for calcium, which may lead to increased ischemic contracture. Insulin as a risk factor in myocardial ischemia, cardiothoracic surgery and cardiac resuscitation, and other pathogenetic factors of 'stone heart' development, deserve further investigation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine